Name: Skullcap, Baikal
Scientific Name: Scutellaria Baicalensis
One of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine, Baikal skullcap is said to have a variety of uses. Research has shown that it is helpful in treating allergies and respiratory conditions, such as food allergies, allergic edema, asthma, nettle rash, eczema, hay fever and otitis media. Traditionally it has been used to treat fevers, diarrhea, urinary conditions, coughing, and wheezing.
This is a low growing perennial with long spear shaped leaves, and bears a number or hairy blueish-purple flowers, which are said to mimic medieval helmets.
Origination: Asia (Eurasia, Russia)
Recommended Uses: Inflammation, infection, calming the nerves and reducing anxiety. fever, jaundice, dysentery, diarrhea, urinary tract infections, arthritis
Height: 1ft (1-2 ft wide)
Hardiness: zones: Perennial (zones 4-8)
Flower Color: Blue-purple
Maturity: 120 Days
Baikal Skullcap prefers a sunny to part shade position, with a light soil if possible. The soil should be well drained, but should not be bone dry. Once established this plant becomes more drought tolerant. It is quite hardy, easy to grow and will also tolerate low temperatures and frost. The potency of the active chemicals in the roots is said to be greater if the plant is grown in poor, sandy soils.